American Military Strategies

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Weigley explains in his essay, How Americans Wage War: The Evolution of National Strategy, American military strategy dating back to the Indian wars and ending with future military tactics. Two key strategies emerged from the Civil War: Grant’s strategy of the total destruction of the opponent’s fighting power and Sherman’s tactic of destroying the economy and morale of those who supported the enemy. These ideas remained unchanged and were implemented during WWII. American forces overpowered the German forces in France and caused mass havoc to the German economy in moral using bomber warfare. Again the American military used Grant’s and Sherman’s strategies in dealing with Japan. The U.S. Navy wiped out the Japanese navy and the bombing of Hiroshima resulted in a devastating blow to Japanese moral and economy. In these wars the American military sought a common objective, the unconditional surrender of their enemies. In both instances they were a success. If one thing has remained consistent within national strategy is that same objective of seeking unconditional surrender whish was made apparent in the Indian wars, the Civil War and in WWII. However, post WWII it has become unlikely that wars will reach the same magnitude of the “all-out” wars that have taken place throughout American military history. Thus, strategies have changed to smaller tactical units who use fewer resources and still maintain the peace. These modern military approaches are not an entirely new idea. George Washington and Winfield Scott both avoided larger battles and using their limited resources won smaller battles with large political objectives in mind. Also, in the Southern Campaign during the Indian wars George Crook used guerilla tactics to successfully fight against Indians.  All American military strategy has its roots back in the early years of American history with an ongoing evolution from large scale total war in past centuries to smaller tactical groups fighting present day. 

Review #2

I have chosen Rogueclassicism as my second blog to review. This blog has many post about ancient civilization, post about the continuing study of ancient civilization and post about new discoveries about ancient civilization. A new article on this site is about photos recently declassified from covert operations throughout the 1960’s-1970’s. These photos, some 900,000 in total, have led to the discovery of a 37 mile long wall in Romania that was built by the ancient Romans. It is incredible that discoveries of this scale are still occurring. I would definitely recommend this blog to others. The site is very informative and the content is interesting. However, the site is lacking an easy to browse archive and images seem to be nonexistent. 

Review #1

For my first blog I have chosen to review it A Blast from the Past. I would consider this site to offer a “fun to read” type of blog. For example, one post is about a secret plot to rescue Napoleon from his exile in Helena via submarine. A man named Thomas Johnson, a smuggler who escaped from prison multiple times, was offered a substantial amount of money to carry out this plot. However, St. Helena was guarded by 2,800 men and 500 canons. It appears that escape was futile. There is evidence that Johnson actually designed the submarines to rescue Napoleon. There is no evidence supporting these submarines would be effective. Also, it is apparent that this plot was never carried out.  Many other plots were also thought up for Napoleon’s escape. This post also mentioned how people in other countries view Napoleon. This blog is set up nicely. I found the layout and links very easy to follow. The post included many images and quotes from the time the post discussed. Which made for an entertaining read. 

http://allkindsofhistory.wordpress.com/2013/03/09/a-secret-plot-to-rescue-napoleon-by-submarine/#more-1931

Spy Photos Reveal Roman Wall in Romania

rogueclassicism

Another genuinely interesting one … this version from the Ayreshire Post:

Declassified spy photographs have helped archaeologists uncover the lost history of a Roman wall dating from the second century AD.

Archaeologists studying images gathered during covert intelligence operations in the last century have identified a wall that ran around 37 miles from the Danube to the Black Sea over what is now Romania.

Built in the mid-second century, the barrier once stood 28ft wide and around 11.5ft high and included at least 32 forts and 31 smaller buildings along its course.

It is thought to have served a similar purpose to other Roman frontiers such as Hadrian’s Wall, built to defend the Roman Empire from threats to the borders.

Known locally as Trajan’s Rampart, it consists of three separate walls which were wrongly dated to the Byzantine or early medieval period.

The research was carried out by archaeologists…

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